Part I
Constitutional Foundations

6. European Law II: Nature—Primacy/Pre-emption  

Further Reading


K. Alter, Establishing the Supremacy of European Law: The Making of an International Rule of Law in Europe (Oxford University Press, 2001)

B. Davies, Resisting the European Court of Justice: West Germany’s Confrontation with European Law 1949–1979 (Cambridge University Press, 2014)

A. Oppenheimer, The Relationship between European Community Law and National Law (Cambridge University Press, 2004)

N. Walker (ed.), Sovereignty in Transition (Hart, 2003)


Articles (and Chapters)

A. Arena, ‘The Twin Doctrines of Primary and Pre-emption’ in R. Schutze and T. Tridimas (eds), Oxford Principles of European Union Law, Vol. I: The European Union Legal Order (Oxford University Press, 2018) 300

M. Claes, ‘The Validity and Primacy of “EU Law” and the Cooperative Relationship between National Constitutional Courts and the Court of Justice of the European Union’ (2016) 23 MJ 151

M. Dougan, ‘When Worlds Collide! Competing Visions of the Relationship between Direct Effect and Supremacy’ (2007) 44 CML Rev 931

U. Everling, ‘The Maastricht Judgment of the German Federal Constitutional Court and its Significance for the Development of  the  European  Union’ (1994) 14 YEL  1

J. Komárek, ‘Czech Constitutional Court Playing with Matches: The Czech Constitutional Court Declares a Judgment of the Court of Justice of the EU Ultra Vires’  (2012) 8 European Constitutional Law Review 323

R. Kovar, ‘The Relationship between Community Law and National Law’ in EC Commission (ed.), Thirty Years of Community Law (EC Commission, 1981), 109–49

M. Madsen, H. Olsen, and U. Šadl, ‘Competing Supremacies and Clashing Institutional Rationalities: The Danish Supreme Court’s Decision in the Ajos Case and the National Limits of Judicial Cooperation’ (2017) 23 ELJ 140

W. Sadurski, ‘“Solange, Chapter 3”: Constitutional Courts in Central Europe –Democracy – European Union’ (2008) 14 ELJ 1

R. Schütze, ‘Supremacy without Pre-emption? The Very Slowly Emergent Doctrine of Community Pre-emption’ (2006) 43 CML Rev 1023

L.D. Spieker, ‘Framing and Managing Constitutional Identity Conflicts: How to Stabilize the Modus Vivendi between the Court of Justice and National Constitutional Courts’ (2020) 57 CML Rev. 361

D. Thym, ‘In the name of Sovereign Statehood: A Critical Introduction to the Lisbon Judgment of the German Constitutional Court’ (2009) 46 CML Rev. 1795

M. Waelbroeck, ‘The Emergent Doctrine of Community Preemption: Consent and Redelegation’ in T. Sandalow and E. Stein (eds.), Courts and Free Markets: Perspectives from the United States and Europe, 2 vols. (Oxford University Press, 1982), II, 548