Part II
Governmental Powers

8. External Powers: Competence and Procedures  

Further Reading


G. de Baere, Constitutional Principles of EU External Relations (Oxford University Press, 2008)

M. Cremona (ed.), Structural Principles in EU External Relations Law (Hart, 2020)

A. Dashwood and C. Hillion (eds.), The General Law of EC External Relations (Sweet & Maxwell, 2000)

P. Eeckhout, EU External Relations Law (Oxford University Press, 2012)

J. Heliskoski, Mixed Agreements as a Technique for Organizing the International Relations of the European Community and its Member States (Kluwer, 2001)

P. Koutrakos, EU International Relations Law (Hart, 2006)

P. J. Kuijper et al., The Law of EU External Relations: Cases, Materials, and Commentary on the EU as an International Legal Actor (Oxford University Press, 2013)

D. McGoldrick, International Relations Law of the European Union (Longman, 1997)

R. Schütze, Foreign Affairs and the EU Constitution (Cambridge University Press, 2014)

R. Schutze and T. Tridimas, Oxford Principles of European Union Law, Vol. I: The European Union Legal Order (Oxford University Press, 2018), Part VI.

B. Van Vooren and R. Wessel, EU External Relations Law: Text, Cases and Materials (Cambridge University Press, 2014)

R. Wessel and J. Larik (eds), EU External Relations Law: Text, Cases and Materials (Hart, 2020)


Articles (and Chapters)

M. Chamon, ‘Implied Exclusive Powers in the ECJ’s Post-Lisbon Jurisprudence: The Continued Development of the ERTA Doctrine’ (2018) 55 CML Rev. 1101

M. Cremona, ‘Member States as Trustees of the Union Interest: Participating in International Agreements on Behalf of the European Union’ in A. Arnull et al. (eds.), A Constitutional Order of States: Essays in Honour of Alan Dashwood (Hart, 2011), 435

C. Eckes, ‘Disciplining Member States: EU Loyalty in External Relations’ (2020) 22 CYELS (forthcoming)

J. Heliskoski, ‘The Procedural Law of International Agreements: A Thematic Journey through Article 218 TFEU’ (2020) 57 CML Rev. 79

E. Neframi, ‘The Duty of Loyalty: Rethinking its Cope Through its Application in the Field of EU External Relations’ (2010) 47 CML Rev. 323

A. Ott, ‘The European Parliament’s Role in EU Treaty-Making’ (2016) 23 MJ 1009

A. Rosas, ‘Mixed Union—Mixed Agreements ‘ in M. Koskenniemi (ed), International Law Aspects of the European Union (Kluwer, 1998), 125

R. Schütze, ‘External Powers in the European Union: From “Cubist” Perspectives towards “Naturalist” Constitutional Principles?’ in Foreign Affairs and the EU Constitution (Cambridge University Press, 2014), 237

E. Stein, ‘External Relations of the European Community: Structure and Process’ (1990) 1 Collected Courses of the Academy of European Law 115

D. Thym, ‘Parliamentary Involvement in European International Relations’ in M. Cremona and B. de Witte (eds.), EU Foreign Relations Law: Constitutional Fundamentals (Hart, 2008), 201